Looking to give a gift that will leave a lasting impression? They say, “It’s the thought that counts,” and what could be more thoughtful than a personalized wine gift basket? In this guide, we’ll show you how to create a wine gift basket to make recipients feel like they belong. From hand-picking the perfect wines to selecting accessories and adding complementary items, we’ll walk you through every step. With our tips and ideas, you can showcase your creativity and thoughtfulness without breaking the bank. So, let’s raise a glass and dive into the art of making a wine gift basket that will leave a lasting impression!
Why a Wine Gift Basket?
Why choose a wine gift basket? Wine gift baskets are a versatile and thoughtful gift option for any occasion. They allow you to showcase your creativity and thoughtfulness by customizing the basket to suit the recipient’s preferences. Whether it’s for a birthday, anniversary, or holiday celebration, a wine gift basket will impress and delight the wine lover in your life.
Planning Your Masterpiece
To create a wine gift basket, you can start by planning your masterpiece with a clear understanding of why this gift is a great choice for any occasion. Here are four reasons why a wine gift basket is a perfect present:
Personalization: A DIY wine gift basket allows you to customize the contents according to the recipient’s preferences, making it a thoughtful and personalized gift.
Creativity: Making a wine gift basket gives you the opportunity to showcase your creativity. You can choose a theme, select unique wine gift basket fillers, and decorate a wine gift basket in a way that reflects the recipient’s style.
Budget-friendly: Creating a personalized wine gift basket is a cost-effective alternative to buying a pre-made one. You can choose affordable wines and accessories while still delivering a thoughtful and impressive gift.
Versatility: A wine gift basket is suitable for various occasions, such as birthdays, anniversaries, or holidays. It is a versatile gift that can be enjoyed and appreciated by wine lovers of all kinds.
With these reasons in mind, you can now proceed to plan and create your own personalized wine gift basket.
Choosing the Perfect Wine
When choosing the perfect wine for your gift basket, knowing your grapes is important. Consider the recipient’s palate and preferences, and select wines that cater to their taste. Additionally, think about pairing suggestions to ensure the wine complements the other items in the basket.
Know Your Grapes
Explore the grape varieties available to choose the perfect wine for your gift basket. Knowing your grapes will help you make an informed decision and impress the recipient of your wine gift basket. Here are four important aspects to consider when selecting the wine:
Taste Profiles: Different grape varieties have distinct flavors, ranging from crisp and citrusy to bold and full-bodied. Choose wines that align with the recipient’s taste preferences.
Wine Brands for Gift Baskets: Research popular wine brands known for their quality and reputation. Including well-known brands in your gift basket adds prestige and ensures a delightful experience.
Local Wineries for Gift Baskets: Support local wineries by including wines produced in your region. It adds a personal touch and allows the recipient to discover unique flavors from nearby vineyards.
Pairing Possibilities: Consider the food pairings that can accompany the wine. Including complementary snacks or gourmet items in your gift basket will enhance the overall experience and create a memorable gift.
Consider the Palate
Choose the perfect wine for your wine gift basket by considering the recipient’s palate preferences. To create a gourmet wine gift basket, you need to select wines that will delight the recipient’s taste buds. If they enjoy cheese, consider pairing the wine with a variety of cheese for a wine and cheese gift basket. Include chocolates and create a wine and chocolate gift basket for a sweeter touch. If you’re creating a themed wine gift basket, choose wines that align with the theme, such as a French wine for a Parisian-themed basket.
Remember, you don’t have to break the bank to find a great wine for your gift basket. There are many affordable options available that still offer excellent taste and quality. Consider the recipient’s preferences and the occasion, and you’ll be sure to choose the perfect wine for your gift basket.
To create the perfect wine gift basket, consider the recipient’s palate preferences and pair the wine accordingly. Here are some pairing suggestions to help you choose the perfect wine for your gift basket:
For a chocolate and wine gift basket, pair rich and full-bodied red wines like Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot with dark chocolate or a fruity dessert wine like Port with milk chocolate.
For a cheese and wine gift basket, pair white wines like Chardonnay or Sauvignon Blanc with soft and creamy cheeses or red wines like Pinot Noir or Syrah with aged and sharp cheeses.
For a wine and fruit gift basket, pair light and crisp wines like Riesling or Pinot Grigio with citrusy fruits or sweet dessert wines like Moscato or Late Harvest with ripe and juicy fruits.
For a wine and snacks gift basket, pair versatile and medium-bodied wines like Malbec or Sangiovese with savory snacks like nuts, chips, or charcuterie.
Building the Basket: A Feast for the Senses
Now it’s time to create a feast for the senses with your wine gift basket. Beyond just the bottle of wine, think about what other items can enhance the overall experience. Consider fillers that add texture and visual appeal, like chocolates, cookies, and dried fruits. Don’t forget about the presentation – use ribbons, shreds, and decorative touches to make the basket visually appealing. Finally, choose the right container, whether it’s a wicker basket, a wooden box, or a creative alternative, to complete the presentation of your wine gift basket.
Beyond the Bottle (Fillers, Presentation, Textures)
Enhance your wine gift basket by incorporating a variety of fillers, creating a visually appealing presentation, and adding textures to engage the senses. Here are four tips to inspire you to make your own personalized wine gift basket:
Fillers: Include a mix of complementary items like gourmet snacks such as cheese, crackers, or chocolates. These delicious treats will pair perfectly with the wine and add a touch of indulgence to the basket.
Presentation: Use a decorative basket or box to hold the items. Consider wrapping a wine gift basket in tissue paper or shredded paper to cushion the contents. Tie a ribbon or bow around the basket for an elegant finish. These thoughtful details will make the gift visually appealing and show your attention to detail.
Textures: Incorporate different textures to engage the senses. Pair the smoothness of the wine with crunchy snacks like nuts or pretzels. Add a soft touch with a plush wine bottle holder or a cozy wine-themed blanket. These textures will create a sensory experience that your recipient will appreciate.
Wrapping: Consider using wine crates or wooden boxes for a rustic touch. These alternative containers will add an element of uniqueness to your gift. Additionally, you can add a personalized note or card to add a heartfelt touch and make the recipient feel special.
Beyond the Bottle (Fillers, Presentation, Textures)
Start building your wine gift basket by incorporating a variety of fillers, creating a visually appealing presentation, and adding textures to engage the senses. When assembling a birthday wine gift basket, consider including colorful tissue paper or confetti as fillers to add a festive touch. Use pinecones or holly leaves to evoke a holiday spirit for a Christmas wine gift basket. A housewarming wine gift basket can be enhanced with natural elements like dried herbs or small potted plants. When creating a hostess gift wine basket, incorporate elegant ribbons or lace for an exquisite presentation.
To make an anniversary wine gift basket extra special, include luxurious velvet or satin fabrics to provide a touch of elegance. By paying attention to these details, you can create a wine gift basket that not only pleases the palate but also delights the eyes and touch of the recipient.
Sweet Endings (Chocolates, Cookies, Dried Fruits)
Include a variety of delectable treats such as chocolates, cookies, and dried fruits in your wine gift basket to tantalize the taste buds and create a sensory experience. Here are four reasons why adding these sweet endings will make your gift basket even more delightful:
Indulgent Pleasure: The rich and velvety chocolates will melt in the mouth, providing a luxurious treat that pairs perfectly with a glass of wine.
Irresistible Crunch: The assortment of cookies will satisfy cravings with their delightful crunchiness, making each bite a delightful experience.
Sweet and Tangy: The dried fruits, such as apricots, raisins, and cranberries, will add a burst of natural sweetness and a hint of tanginess to complement the flavors of the wine.
Perfect Pairing: Whether it’s a wine and book gift basket, wine and coaster gift basket, wine and opener gift basket, wine and candle gift basket, or wine and music gift basket, the addition of these sweet treats will elevate the overall experience, creating a harmonious combination of flavors and textures.
To create a visually appealing wine gift basket, consider adding ribbons, shreds, and decorative touches that will enhance the overall presentation. These elements add visual appeal and make the gift basket more inviting and special. Use colorful ribbons to tie around the basket or to create bows, giving it a festive and elegant touch. Fill the basket with decorative shreds in coordinating colors to add texture and depth. You can choose from various materials, such as paper, crinkle-cut paper, or fabric shreds.
Don’t forget to include decorative touches like silk flowers, mini ornaments, or wine-related trinkets to enhance the theme of the gift further. These small details will make your DIY wine gift basket stand out and create a lasting impression. Incorporating these visual elements will transform your gift into a beautiful and thoughtful present that the recipient will surely appreciate.
Choose a container that suits your style and enhances the overall presentation of your wine gift basket. The right container can make a statement and elevate the entire gift-giving experience. Here are a few options to consider:
Wicker Basket: A classic choice that exudes charm and elegance. It adds a touch of rustic appeal and creates a warm and inviting feel.
Wooden Box: For a more sophisticated and luxurious look, opt for a wooden box. It adds a sense of craftsmanship and can be repurposed for storage or decoration.
Creative Containers: Think outside the box and consider unique containers like decorative metal baskets or vintage wine crates. These containers add a personalized touch and make the gift basket stand out.
Presentation Prowess: The right container enhances the visual appeal of your wine gift basket, making it a feast for the senses. Choose a container that speaks to your style and showcases your thoughtfulness in the presentation.
Selecting the Accessories
Enhance your wine gift basket by selecting the perfect accessories. Whether creating a holiday wine gift basket, a wedding wine gift basket, a unique wine gift basket, an easy wine gift basket, or a budget wine gift basket, the right accessories can elevate your gift to the next level. Consider including wine glasses or stemware to enhance the drinking experience. Practical additions like wine openers and stoppers are always useful. Add a touch of personalization with wine charms or markers. Improve the wine-tasting experience with wine aerators or decanters. And don’t forget to include a wine journal or tasting notes for the recipient to record their experiences. These accessories will make your wine gift basket truly special and memorable.
Personalization Matters: The Extra Sparkle
Now it’s time to add that extra sparkle to your wine gift basket. Personalization is key, so tailor the basket to the recipient’s hobbies, interests, and dietary needs. Add handmade touches like personalized labels and greeting cards to make it truly special. Consider themed baskets, such as a wine and books pairing or a movie night combination. And don’t forget the details – include wine glasses, coasters, and wine openers to complete the gift.
Tailor it to Them (Hobbies, Interests, Dietary Needs)
Personalizing the wine gift basket to cater to their hobbies, interests, and dietary needs adds an extra touch of thoughtfulness. Here’s how you can tailor it to them:
Cheap wine gift basket: Consider their budget and include affordable yet quality wines. Look for deals or discounts to make the gift basket more affordable.
Creative wine gift basket: Think outside the box and include unique items that align with your interests. For example, if they love gardening, include a bottle of wine and some seeds for their garden.
Best wine gift basket foods: Choose gourmet snacks that complement the wines and cater to their dietary needs. Include items like artisanal cheeses, gluten-free crackers, or organic chocolates.
Write a note for a wine gift basket: Add a personalized note or card expressing your appreciation and well wishes. Include a heartfelt message that shows you value their interests and preferences.
Consider adding handmade touches such as personalized labels and greeting cards to add a personal touch and make the wine gift basket even more special. Personalized labels are a great way to make the wine bottles in your gift basket stand out. You can create labels with the recipient’s name, a special message, or even a unique design that reflects their personality. Greeting cards are another thoughtful addition that can make the recipient feel special. You can write a heartfelt message inside the card or even include a personal photo. These handmade touches show that you put extra effort and thought into the gift, making it even more meaningful and cherished.
Themed Baskets (Wine & Books, Movie Night Pairing)
To create a themed wine gift basket, consider pairing wine with books or creating a movie night pairing. Here are four ideas to inspire you:
Hobby-Inspired Selections: As you suggested, aligning the basket with their hobbies is a great idea. For instance, for a music lover, you might include a playlist of songs that pair well with each wine.
Literary Wine Basket: Pair wines with books based on their favorite genre. A bold red with a thrilling mystery novel, or a light white wine with a summer romance.
Cinema Basket: For a movie enthusiast, pair wines with classic films, gourmet popcorn, and a cozy blanket for a movie night.
Allergy-Friendly: Ensure that any food items are safe for them. If they’re gluten-free, choose appropriate snacks.
Vegan Options: Include vegan wines and snacks if they follow a plant-based diet.
Quality over Quantity: Select a couple of high-quality wines within budget rather than more bottles of lesser quality.
Local Deals: Explore local wineries or shops for unique finds that don’t break the bank.
Personalization matters when creating themed wine gift baskets. Consider the recipient’s interests, preferences, and the occasion to make the gift truly special. Don’t be afraid to think outside the box and add your own personal touch.
Looking for wine gift basket resources? Check out online wine stores for gift baskets or consider making your own themed baskets at home. The possibilities are endless!
Don’t Forget the Details (Wine Glasses, Coasters, Wine Openers)
Remember to include essential details such as wine glasses, coasters, and wine openers to add the perfect finishing touches to your wine gift basket. These items not only enhance the overall presentation but also provide practical tools for enjoying the wine. Wine glasses allow the recipient to savor the flavors and aromas of the wine, while coasters protect surfaces from unsightly stains. A wine opener ensures that the recipient can easily uncork their favorite bottle of wine. Personalization matters when it comes to gift baskets, so consider adding engraved wine glasses or coasters with the recipient’s initials or a special message.
Don’t overlook these details to create a truly memorable wine gift basket. You can find wine glasses, coasters, and wine openers at the best places to buy wine accessories or even include them in a wine and coffee gift basket. Whether you’re preparing a last-minute wine gift basket or planning to deliver a wine gift basket in advance, these details will add that extra sparkle to your thoughtful gift.
Adding Complementary Items
Include gourmet snacks like cheese, crackers, or chocolates in your wine gift basket. These complementary items add a delicious touch to the gift and enhance the recipient’s overall experience. Here are four reasons why adding these items is important to your wine gift basket:
Indulgence: Gourmet snacks like cheese and chocolates provide a sense of luxury and indulgence, making the gift feel more special and extravagant.
Pairing: These snacks can be paired perfectly with the wine, enhancing the flavors and creating a delightful tasting experience.
Variety: Including a variety of snacks allows the recipient to explore different flavor combinations and find their favorite pairing.
Sharing: Gourmet snacks are perfect for sharing with loved ones, fostering a sense of togetherness, and creating memorable moments.
Packaging and Presentation
When it comes to creating a wine gift basket, the packaging and presentation are key to making a memorable impression. Unwrapping Delight: Consider using a decorative basket or box to hold the items, and add a touch of elegance with a ribbon or bow. Delivery Delights: Whether shipping or hand-delivering the gift, ensure that the packaging is secure and the presentation is intact for a delightful unveiling.
Unwrapping Delight (Presentation Tips)
Create an eye-catching presentation for your wine gift basket by incorporating stylish packaging and thoughtful finishing touches. Here are four tips to help you create a presentation that will evoke a sense of belonging:
Choose a decorative basket or box to hold the items. This adds a touch of elegance and keeps everything organized and easily accessible.
Consider using wine crates or wooden boxes for a rustic touch. This adds a unique and charming element to the presentation, making the recipient feel special.
Use tissue paper or shredded paper to cushion the items. This adds a layer of protection and creates a visually appealing display.
Tie a ribbon or bow around the basket for an elegant finish. This simple yet effective touch adds a sense of sophistication and completes the overall presentation.
Delivery Delights (Shipping or Hand-Delivery)
Ensure a secure and stylish delivery of your wine gift basket by considering the packaging and presentation options. Choose a sturdy box to withstand the journey when shipping your wine gift basket. Use bubble wrap or packing peanuts to cushion the items and prevent damage. Seal the box securely with tape to ensure it stays intact during transit.
For hand-delivery, opt for a decorative bag or basket that adds an extra touch of elegance. Arrange the items neatly and use tissue or shredded paper to fill gaps and prevent slipping. Tie a ribbon or bow around the basket for a polished finish. Paying attention to the packaging and presentation can create a memorable and delightful experience for the recipient, making them feel a sense of belonging and appreciation.
Essential Components of a Wine Gift Basket
To create a wine gift basket, you will need essential components, including a selection of wines, accessories, complementary items, and appropriate packaging. Here are the key elements to consider:
Wine Selection: Choose wines that cater to the recipient’s taste preferences and pair well with the occasion. Include a variety of wines from different regions to offer a diverse selection.
Accessories: Enhance the gift with practical and useful wine accessories such as glasses, openers, stoppers, and markers. Consider adding a wine journal for the recipient to record their experiences.
Complementary Items: Include gourmet snacks like cheese, crackers, or chocolates to complement the wine. Consider adding wine-related accessories or a wine-themed book or game for additional enjoyment.
Packaging and Presentation: Use a decorative basket or box to hold the items and add a touch of elegance with a ribbon or bow. Consider adding a personalized note or card to make the gift even more special.
The Final Touch
Designing Unique Labels: Use a theme or inside joke that is special to them. This could be an illustration, a funny quote, or a play on their name.
Custom Greeting Cards:
Crafting a Heartfelt Message: Reflect on a shared memory or an inside joke. Make the card as unique as your relationship with them.
DIY Design: If you’re artistic, hand-paint or draw on the card. Or, use craft supplies for a 3D effect.
Basket Decor: Adorn the basket with items that reflect their personality – ribbons in their favorite color, charms, or symbols of their hobbies.
Handcrafted Coasters: Create or include coasters that match their home decor or feature designs they’ll love.
Wine Journal: Include a small notebook for them to jot down their thoughts on the wines they try.
Wine Accessories: A unique wine opener, a beautiful decanter, or wine charms can be both practical and thoughtful additions.
Experience Vouchers: If possible, include a voucher for a wine-tasting experience at a local vineyard.
Interactive Elements: Add a wine-themed trivia game or a DIY wine blending kit for a fun touch.
As you complete your wine gift basket, don’t forget to add the final touch – a heartfelt message that will make the recipient feel truly special. A thoughtful message can create a sense of belonging and deepen the emotional connection between you and the recipient. Express your appreciation and love through words that convey your sincerity. Remember to personalize the message to make it unique and relevant to the occasion or the recipient’s interests. Whether it’s a birthday, anniversary, or holiday, take the time to craft a heartfelt message that will touch their heart and make them feel cherished. Your message will be the finishing touch that completes the wine gift basket and leaves a lasting impression.
Creating a DIY wine gift basket is a fun and thoughtful way to show someone you care. Just like a fine wine, a well-crafted gift basket can bring joy and warmth to the recipient’s heart. So, gather your favorite wines, carefully select accessories, add personal touches, and package it all with love. Remember, a wine gift basket is not just a gift, it’s a beautiful experience that will leave a lasting impression. Cheers to the perfect gift!
Have some questions about making a wine gift basket? We’ve got you covered! Here are some common FAQs to help you out. How do you make wine as a gift? What goes with wine for a gift? What goes with red wine in a basket? How do you gift a wine bottle and glass? Is it okay to gift white wine? Let’s address these questions and make sure you have all the information you need to create the perfect wine gift basket.
How do you make wine as a gift?
If you want to make wine as a gift, you can start by selecting a bottle of wine that caters to the recipient’s taste preferences. Here are some steps to help you create a memorable wine gift:
Personalize the wine selection: Choose a wine that reflects the recipient’s preferences and interests. Whether they enjoy bold reds, crisp whites, or sparkling wines, selecting a bottle that aligns with their taste will show that you put thought into the gift.
Add a personal touch: Include a handwritten note or card expressing your sentiments. This simple gesture adds a sense of belonging and connection to the gift.
Package it creatively: Present the bottle with a decorative wine bag or box. You can also add embellishments like ribbons or bows to make it visually appealing.
Consider additional goodies: Enhance the wine gift by including complementary items like gourmet chocolates, cheese, or wine accessories. These extra treats will make the gift more enjoyable and create a sense of abundance.
What goes with wine for a gift?
When making a wine gift basket, you may be wondering what items to include to complement the wine. To create a truly thoughtful and complete gift, consider adding items that enhance the wine-drinking experience and delight the recipient. Start by including wine glasses or stemware to elevate their enjoyment. Practical accessories like wine openers and stoppers are always useful additions. For a personal touch, consider wine charms or markers to add a little flair. Wine aerators or decanters can enhance the tasting experience.
To satisfy their taste buds, include gourmet snacks such as cheese, crackers, or chocolates. A wine-themed book or magazine can also be a great addition for wine enthusiasts. Don’t forget to include a personalized note or card to add that extra special touch. By including these complementary items, you’ll create a wine gift basket that is sure to impress and make the recipient feel appreciated.
What goes with red wine in a basket?
To create a well-rounded red wine gift basket, consider including items that complement the rich flavors and aromas of the wine. Here are four items that can enhance the experience of enjoying red wine:
Artisanal Cheese: Pairing red wine with a selection of gourmet cheeses can create a harmonious balance of flavors. Choose a variety of cheeses with different textures and flavors, such as aged cheddar, creamy brie, or tangy blue cheese.
Dark Chocolate: The bittersweet notes of dark chocolate can complement the fruity and robust characteristics of red wine. Include a selection of high-quality dark chocolates with varying percentages of cocoa for a decadent pairing.
Charcuterie: Adding cured meats like prosciutto, salami, or Spanish chorizo to the basket can provide savory and salty flavors that complement red wine. These meats can also add a touch of elegance to the gift.
Crusty Bread: A loaf of crusty bread or a pack of gourmet crackers can serve as a neutral base to cleanse the palate between sips of red wine. It also adds a satisfying crunch and texture to the overall experience.
How do you gift a wine bottle and glass?
Gift a wine bottle and glass by presenting them together in a stylish and elegant manner. This creates a cohesive and thoughtful gift that showcases your attention to detail. Start by selecting a high-quality wine bottle that suits the recipient’s taste preferences and the occasion. Pair it with a matching wine glass or a set of glasses to enhance the wine-drinking experience. Consider packaging them in a beautiful wine gift box or a wine tote bag for added sophistication.
To add a personal touch, you can include wine charms or markers that reflect the recipient’s personality. Gifting a wine bottle and glass together creates a memorable and enjoyable experience for the recipient, making them feel like a valued part of your wine-loving community.
Is it okay to gift white wine?
You may be wondering if giving white wine as a gift is acceptable. The answer is yes! White wine can be a fantastic gift choice for many occasions. Here are four reasons why gifting white wine is a great idea:
Versatility: White wine pairs well with a wide variety of foods, making it a versatile option for any recipient’s taste preferences.
Refreshing and Light: White wine is known for its crisp and refreshing flavors, making it a perfect choice for those who enjoy lighter and more delicate wines.
Celebration: White wine is often associated with celebrations and special occasions, making it a thoughtful gift to mark important moments in someone’s life.
Diversity: White wine comes in a range of styles, from dry to sweet and from light to full-bodied. This diversity allows you to choose a white wine that suits the recipient’s preferences and showcases your knowledge of their taste.
What does it mean when a guy gives you a bottle of wine?
Receiving a bottle of wine from a guy can signify his appreciation and interest in you. It’s a thoughtful gesture that shows he wants to create a special moment or experience with you. By giving you a bottle of wine, he may indicate that he wants to spend quality time together, enjoying each other’s company. It could also be a way for him to show that he understands your preferences and wants to impress you.
Wine is often associated with romance and celebration, so receiving a bottle from a guy can be a sign that he sees you in a romantic light. Overall, when a guy gives you a bottle of wine, it can be seen as a meaningful gesture that showcases his interest and desire to create a deeper connection with you.
What is the enemy of wine?
When storing wine, the enemy to be cautious of is improper temperature. To ensure the quality and taste of your wine, it is important to store it at the right temperature. Here’s why improper temperature is the enemy of wine:
Heat: High temperatures can cause the wine to age prematurely, losing flavor and aroma. It can also lead to oxidation, making the wine taste flat and dull.
Cold: Extremely low temperatures can freeze the wine, causing the bottle to break and ruining the wine inside. It can also slow the aging process and affect the quality of the wine.
Fluctuations: Rapid temperature changes can damage the wine by expanding and contracting the liquid inside the bottle. This can lead to leaks and spoilage.
Light: Exposure to direct sunlight or fluorescent light can cause the wine to develop a “lightstruck” flavor, making it taste skunky or unpleasant.
Store your wine investment in a cool, dark place with a consistent temperature to protect it. This will ensure that your wine remains in its best condition and ready to be enjoyed.
What is the difference between a hamper and a gift basket?
To understand the distinction between a hamper and a gift basket, it is important to consider their differences in packaging and contents. While both options are popular choices for gift-giving, they have subtle variations that set them apart. A hamper typically refers to a larger, more luxurious package that often includes a variety of gourmet food items, beverages, and other indulgent treats.
It is often associated with special occasions and can be seen as a grand gesture of generosity. On the other hand, a gift basket is generally smaller in size and can contain a range of items such as wine, snacks, and accessories. It is more versatile and can be tailored to suit different tastes and preferences. Ultimately, choosing between a hamper and a gift basket depends on the occasion and desired extravagance.